Ear Mites In Dogs

How to spot ear mites in dogs?

Ear Mites In DogsThe first clues that dogs give away when they might be suffering from ear mits, are extensive scratching of the ears and shaking of the head. Another signal that might indicate ear mites in dogs is a very strong and penetrating smell coming from the ears. With respect to the latter, any unfamiliar smells coming from your dog could mean that your dog is suffering from ear mites and inspection is advised.

Excessive amounts of thick dark brown crumbly material in the ears of dogs could also indicate ear mites activity in dogs.

When you detect any or all of these signs with your dog, simply pull the tip of the ear over the head of the dog making it point to the other ear. Don’t pull too hard, this shouldn’t be in any way unpleasant for the dog. When ear mites in dogs are present, you will directly see little dots which vary from anywhere between 1 millimeter to a centimeter in diameter. When taking a closer look at them you will be able to recognize similarities with a crab.

How to recognize ear mites in dogs

To be sure that you are dealing with ear mites in dogs, see if you can detect any and preferably all of the following characteristics. For starters ear mites are on average about 4 millimeters in size. They are about as wide as they are thick so they are almost little round balls. They have, what looks like 4 legs, but these are hardly used for walking. Their color could be described as a mixture of brown and yellow.

There is a slight difference between the males and the females, but these can’t or at least are very hard to observe with the naked eye. While the female ear mites have short, unsegmented pedicels on the first and second pairs of legs, the male ear mits have this on all legs. Also the male ear mites are slightly bigger than their female counterparts.

What do ear mites do in dogs?

Ear mites in dogs get there through contact with other infected animals and they feed on cell debris and the oily substance that develops on the surface of the skin. They prefer to sit and breed within the ears of dogs since they are very well protected in there. The average life span of an ear mite is roughly 3 to 4 weeks. When the lady ear mite lays her eggs, it will take 4 days for the larves to come out. After 10 days they are then ready to reproduce. When they increase in quantity, they can expand to other parts of the dog.

The dark coffe brown and thick substance coming out of the ears of infected dogs is a mixture of waste produced by the ear mits, died ear mites and sometimes blood.

How to remove ear mites in dogs?

Ear mits in dogs can be removed by pouring hand warm water into the ears of the dog, but be careful to put water into your dog’s ears, it should be done with droppers by a vet. This is not a safe home remedy. Ear mites dislike moist and will die from it. Unfortunately this will not solve the problem since bacteria stay behind in the skin in the inside of the ear which will remain to annoy the dog and will cause the ear mites to return soon. After you have completed the warm water treatment, it’s important that you bring the dog to a vet for treatment.

For starters, the ears need to be inspected for any signs of damage caused by the ear mites in the dogs ears. After the ears have been fully cleaned and inspected, it will need to be treated by a doctor after wich you will need to keep either creaming the ear with an ivermectin containing balm. If the ear mites have expanded outside of the ears, full body treatment will be necessary.

The final stage requires regular washing with an anti parasite shampoo or selamectin drops.

Additionally, because ear mites are a highly infectious any other contact animals such as dogs, cats, ferrets or rabbits that have been in contact with the dog, need to be inspected for ear mites as well.

In conclusion, ear mites in dogs are not dangerous, but can be very annoying for the dog and can potentially cause serious damage to the ears and eardrums of the infected dog. Although it is highly infectious to other contact animals, they form no danger to humans.

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