Parvo In Dogs

Parvo In DogsParvo in dogs, is a highly contagious virus infection that strikes dogs. This viral disease comes in two disparate types. The more prevalent form is in the intestines of the canine, and causes throwing up, a loose stool, fast losing of weight, and a losing the will to eat. The cardiac type is the second. It strikes the heart of newly born pups, and is usually fatal. The cardiac form typically strikes pups between 1 ½ and 6 months old. Fortunately, the parvo in dog’s virus occurrence has diminished tremendously in recent years thanks to vaccination in many more newborn puppies than in recent decades.

Symptoms of parvo in dogs

The symptoms of parvovirus in dogs, with the intestinal type are an extreme case of a loose stool having blood, sudden drop in weight, high fever, sluggishness, and the dog losing his appetite. If you merely touch your dog’s abdomen with this intestinal parvo, he may show he is in pain.

Causes of parvo in dogs

Most often, your dog contracts parvo from another dog carrying the disease, or even from contact with an infected dog’s stool. He could catch the parvo virus from merely sniffing an infected dog’s feces, or even from your shoes should you step in it. The parvo virus can thrive in the earth for a year. The only sure way to destroy this deadly virus is with bleach and water.

Diagnosis of parvo

CPV, or parvo, can be diagnosed in several ways by a vet: a physical exam, biochemical tests, , abdominal ultrasounds, and urine testing. The vet will also have a chemical blood work-up and blood cell count done. Give the veterinarian a complete history of your dog’s health, and any sign of his illness you have observed. Gather a stool or vomit specimen so that your vet can detect the virus with a microscope.

Conclusion – Treatment of parvo in dogs

As with any virus, there is no cure for parvo. Treatment must be focused on the parvo symptoms, and prevention of a secondary bacterial infection. It will take diligent, regular treatment for his becoming healthy again. For any diarrhea and dehydration,  your dog will need intravenous fluid and nutrition to return to his healthy fluid level.  For vomiting, your dog will need drugs to stop the vomiting, called antimetics.   This medicine will also treat the nausea.  Antibiotics and other similar drugs will be needed  to destroy these parasites. If your pet is still a puppy, he will be especially susceptible to parvo. Sadly, an infected puppy will usually go into shock, and then perish because the immune system is not developed, yet.

For these two types of parvo in dogs, the best way to prevent CPV is to vaccinate your newborn dog at regular intervals suggested by your dog’s vet. It may vary according to breed.  At first sign of any of the parvo symptoms, get your pet to the vet clinic immediately; especially if he’s just a puppy. Warning: Don’t let your dog be near other canines for at least a couple weeks after his last vaccination. Check with your dog’s vet about this, also. Certain breeds need a longer vaccination period, sometimes up to 22 weeks. Good luck with your loyal companion.